Webinar Minutes: Issue Selection of SSI-L Curriculum Design (2024-03-06)







SSI-L课程设计之议题选择在线研讨会纪要(2024-03-06)<br>Webinar Minutes: Issue Selection of SSI-L Curriculum Design (2024-03-06)插图

From 19:00 to 21:00 on March 6, 2024, the SSI-L project team held a webinar discussion via Tencent Meeting. The discussion focused on SSI-L issue selection for the new semester at a partner school, Tiyuguan Road Elementary School in Dongcheng District, Beijing. It was chaired by Peng Menghua, head of the disciplinary guidance expert team of the SSI-L Project and a special-rank physics teacher of the Second High School Attached to BNU. The SSI-L project leader, scientists, and disciplinary guidance experts attended the meeting and offered instructions. Teachers from four partner schools also participated into the discussion from online.

On behalf of the school project team, Hou Jingdan, from Tiyuguan Road Elementary School in Dongcheng District, Beijing, introduced their preliminary ideas around artificial intelligence of SSI-L, including the status of technological applications of text editing, AI face-changing, voice cloning, etc., and the subsequent controversies. She also introduced the content design, which includes understanding AI, analyzing AI, and a return to the existing issues. Based on this design, Peng Menghua led participants to think about the ways in which students understand AI’s capability in problem-solving, and how they deal with the social issues brought by AI.

Han Lixin, leader of the physics subject group at the Second High School Attached to BNU, emphasized the significance of students’ interest in the AI issue. He took ethical concerns in science fictions as examples to discuss the ethical challenges of AI, for instance, the issue of driverless trains. He also mentioned the differences between robots and artificial intelligence, and how to instruct students to understand these differences through education. Zheng Yongchun, a researcher from the National Astronomical Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, shared his views on the relationship between artificial intelligence, robots, and big data from the perspective of science and technology. He stressed the ways in which science education instruct students to understand and cope with these technologies. He proposed that students should be guided to sort out the development history and key events of artificial intelligence. He also gave suggestions on how to allow students to experience AI through practice activities.

Tang Feng, director of the curriculum center of Yuxin School Attached to Capital Normal University, discussed the sources of AI issues, including textbooks, students’ confusion and social hotspots. He then talked about the appropriateness of artificial intelligence as a hotspot issue. Li Weichen, a special-rank science teacher at Miyun District Teacher Training College Primary School in Beijing, put forward ideas about how to design AI-related activities that are suitable for primary school students. He emphasized that these activities should be operational and entertaining, and then proposed that students should be encouraged to experience AI products, and learn about the application of AI in different fields through questionnaires. Zhong Xiaoyuan, deputy director of the Chemical Education Department of People’s Education Press, suggested that when discussing artificial intelligence, teachers could focus on specific applications, such as autonomous driving, and explore relevant moral dilemmas. Cao Xuelong, Li Ping, Chen Lu, Wang Dongning, Fu Yonglan, Han Bo, and other teachers from each partner school spoke up actively and expressed their own views and suggestions, creating a good discussion atmosphere.

Lin Jing, leader of the SSI-L project and director of the Science Development Department of the Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment for Basic Education Quality, made concluding remarks of the discussion. She emphasized that issue selection of SSI-L should consider not only the social, scientific, ethical, and open nature of the topic, but also whether it is suitable for students to learn from the teaching perspective. Lin pointed out that artificial intelligence is indeed a hot topic at present. It is very good to arouse students’ interest and encourage them to experience AI. But it still needs careful consideration when it comes to carrying out SSI-L around artificial intelligence for primary school students. Teachers could study the curriculum standards across various primary school subjects, to see if they can excavate relevant disciplinary knowledge and abilities that support primary school students in AI discussion, and to learn about primary school students’ general knowledge and skills to make judgments of AI. Lin stressed that the issue selection and activity design of SSI-L should be based on students’ cognitive level, avoid being too abstract, and ensure that students can develop their own opinions and understanding through real-world experience and inquiry activities.

Through this exchange, teachers from each partner school and disciplinary guidance experts jointly discussed problems in SSI-L issue selection and top-level design, which opened up new ways of thinking for the new semester SSI-L curriculum design of partner schools.